Brown spots on the face and body can be benign entities like lentigos, moles and seborrheic keratoses, but can also be skin cancers like melanoma and pigmented basal cell carcinoma. It is important to correctly diagnose pigmented lesions before cosmetically treating them. At Precision Medical Specialists, our experienced dermatologist, Dr. Katherine Chiang, offers treatment for sunspots and skin pigmentation disorders at our medical center in Wellington, FL.
What Causes Skin Pigmentation Symptoms?
Sunspots, liver spots, melasma and age spots are all skin pigmentation conditions that can create discoloration on the skin. From small brown spots on the hands or face to blotches of tan or pink skin, the appearance of skin pigmentation symptoms is common. Sunspots and other pigmentation conditions are caused by excess melanin in the skin. Sunspots and many other pigmentation disorders are linked to changes in the skin and body with aging. Some of the possible causes of sunspots and pigmentation symptoms include:
- Sun exposure or sun damage
- Fungal infections
- Aging – those over the age of 40 are prone to hyperpigmentation
- Hormonal changes or imbalance
Most sunspots are small round or oval brown spots that are flat. They are most common on exposed areas of skin like the hands, arms, shoulders, chest, face and neck. Other skin pigmentation disorders like sun keratoses may be red, flaky or crusty in appearance – these may be precancerous and should be examined.
Prior to treating a pigmented lesion, Dr. Chiang will examine the area with a specialized tool called a dermatoscope to make sure the lesion is indeed benign. Once it is determined that the spot is benign, there are many treatments available. These include sun protection for prevention and options like liquid nitrogen, topical lightening agents, localized chemical peels, lasers and surgery for sunspot or skin pigmentation removal. Your treatment will be tailored to your lesion type, skin type, location and goals.
If you have dark skin symptoms you want examined or removed, Precision Medical Specialists offers treatment for sunspots and skin pigmentation disorders. To schedule an appointment with Dr. Chiang to discuss sunspot treatment or for a skin disorder consultation, contact our medical center in Wellington, Florida.